SMACC (general)

Over 85% of the world’s population live in Low and Middle Income countries. Health statistics in these countries are characterised by numerous deaths from treatable time-sensitive illnesses and injuries resulting from inadequacies in health systems; particularly Emergency Care.
However, across the world, Emergency Care continues to grow, and every country has a story to tell. There are similarities in our stories: the overwhelming sense of responsibility, the exhaustion and feeling of being undervalued. But there are also glaring differences in quality. Africa can be better and it should be.
2017 marks 10 years since the first Emergency Medicine Physician graduated in Africa. From one single Residency program in 2007, there are now 11 more in 9 of Africa’s 54 countries.
2009 saw the formation of The African Federation for Emergency Medicine (AFEM) supporting Emergency Care development across Africa. AFEM’s projects include:
The biennial African Conference on Emergency Medicine (AfCEM), the only scientific conference on African emergency care.
The Annual Consensus Conference that addresses various aspects and challenges of Emergency Care in Africa.
A quarterly international, peer-reviewed journal, publishing original research on topics relevant to Africa, freely available online and offering free publication support to African researchers through Author Assist.
Supadel, a peer-to-peer sponsorship program funds attendance of practitioners to AFEM-affiliated conferences on African soil, allowing them to network and learn valuable lessons in Emergency Care to improve systems in their countries.

Building and maintaining robust Emergency Care systems addressing community needs and improving the health of populations requires us to connect to each other and the world. For us to contribute to the world and for the world to support and contribute to programs and projects in Africa.
The African story is about everyday people connecting with each other to change themselves, improve their systems and transform lives.

For more details about the upcoming African Conference on Emergency Medicine On 7-9 November 2018, In Kigali-Rwanda, click here

To hear more about Supadel and sponsoring delegates to African Meetings, go here, and to see what we're doing in Sydney, read about SMACCReach here.

Direct download: mix_21m49s_audio-joiner.com.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 10:25pm AEST

"Mortality measured at a particular time point (landmark mortality) is often regarded as the gold standard outcome for randomised controlled trials in Intensive Care Medicine. An important limitation of many Intensive Care Medicine trials is that they hypothesize large and potentially implausible reductions in absolute mortality. This is a major problem in trial design for two reasons. Firstly, it makes false negative trial results more likely. Secondly, the less plausible a postulated mortality reduction is the more likely that a statistically significant mortality difference will represent a false positive. This is because a p-value is defined as the probability of finding a result equal to or more extreme than that actually observed, under the assumption that the null hypothesis is true. This means that the greater the pre-trial chance or prior probability that the null hypothesis is correct, the lower the chance that a p-value below a particular significance threshold will represent a true positive.

The biggest single problem with the current evidence base is that most hypotheses being tested have low prior probability. We need a new research paradigm to address this problem, particularly in relation to the fundamentals of Intensive Care Medicine. Intensive Care therapy is fundamentally about providing supportive care. Such care includes airway support, oxygen therapy, ventilation therapy, haemodynamic support, fluid therapy, temperature control, and nutritional therapy among others. Setting the goals for these therapies is what intensive care doctors do every day. At present, for most of these treatments, the level of evidence on which we are making our decisions is extremely limited. Moreover, the illusion of physiological gain may be leading us astray; making us believe we know the right thing to do when we really do not. We should be creating systems in our intensive care units that allow us to learn iteratively from every patient so that we can systematically reduce mortality over time by understanding how to optimise supportive care. Bayesian adaptive platform trials using response adaptive randomisation can improve the outcomes of patients with mathematical precision but require us, as doctors, to stop believing we know the answers when we really do not."

Direct download: Paul_Young_-.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST

Endocarditis has been on the back burner for a while now. It is a disease that is evolving as new risk groups emerge and microbiology change. This talk will provide you with the framework to identify the disease and avoid the pitfalls in preventing you to nail down this diagnosis. After this talk you will neither be bored nor afraid of abnormal blood cultures and you will realized you don't need to fulfill SIRS criteria to be sexy.

Direct download: David_Carr.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST

A no-holes barred series of 6 provocative medical interrogations. We challenge the state of research, social media, pharmacology, social work, women in medicine, medicine in the developed work, and the health of healthcare workers. It should be novel, it may get heated, and it is not scripted. Sometimes to comfort the afflicted you also need to afflict the comfortable. This is why no prisoners will be taken, no topic is out of bounds, and no ego will be pampered. It may even offend: you have been warned.

Direct download: Reuben_Strayer_--.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST

South pole...North pole, hot...cold, on earth...in space, below the sea...on Mount Everest, alone and far, far away. Ultrasound will make these extreme environments less intimidating for the doctor by enhancing your diagnostic capability, honing your therapeutic management and fitting into your pocket. This is a brief tale of a journey to Antarctica with a Phillips Lumify ultrasound. Find your passion and reach for the stars.

Direct download: Gaynor_Prince_-.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST

Academic programs are built on four main pillars: clinical excellence, research, education, and administration. These apply whether you build and design an u/s program or division, a simulation program, a toxicology or pre-hospital program and even an academic department. You never forget when your childhood dog dies. And I will never forget how all four of my childhood dogs died. These 4 tragic, dramatic, and traumatic experiences provided fantastic lessons on how an academic program can fail.

Direct download: Resa_Lewiss.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST

Neuro Imaging Nibble: Subtle Sinus Venous Thrombosis by Brandon Foreman

Direct download: NeuroImaging_Nibble_2.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST

Diagnosing a wake-up stroke by Fernanda Bellolio

Direct download: Diagnosing_a_wake-up_stroke.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST

Critical care clinicians can change physiology with a number of tools. The can repeatedly, often and mercilessly change physiological variables. They can increase the blood pressure (or decrease it); they can increase cardiac output (or decrease it), they can increase cardiac filling pressures (or decrease them), they can increase glucose levels (or decrease them), they can increase positive fluid balance (or decrease it) and so on. This kind of “numerology” is attractive because the outcomes are tautological and clinicians feel powerful and effective. However, outside the obvious situations where physiology is so dangerously abnormal as to threaten life, such physiological manipulations have an unproven relationship with outcome. Importantly, patients do not care whether their cardiac output has been increased from 5L/min to 6 L/min. They only care whether they live or die, get out of hospital intact and return to their previous life. Thus, physiological gain is not patient centred. Moreover, all research focusing of the physiology of a specific intervention always and inevitably deals with the effect on a specific set of variables. For example and fluid bolus may or may not increase cardiac output for a while. Thus studies focus on identifying fluid responders for such purposes. However, no one studies the effect of such fluid bolus on anything other than hemodynamics. No one measures what the effect is on the immune system, cerebral edema, the glycocalyx, interstitial oxygen gradient, pulmonary congestion, body temperature, haemoglobin and white cell function etc. etc. Thus, all physiological studies are “blind” to the effects that their protagonists cannot or will not measure. In other words, the measurable is made important but the important may not be measured. Clinicians need to reflect on this before they become seduced by physiological manipulation.

Direct download: Rinaldo_Bellomo.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST

Autoimmune versus infective encephalitis by Ronan O'Leary

Direct download: Autoimmune_vs._infective_encephalitis.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:00am AEST